Playing Methods

Playing methods are the specific means of using space and techniques for using space that can be utilised by a team. They therefore enable a team to apply the tactical dynamics.

Attacking methods are the playing methods that a team can utilise in the attacking phases and defensive methods are the playing methods that a team can utilise in the defensive phases.

Tactical Risk Levels

Different playing methods carry different levels of tactical risk.

A higher risk playing method is a playing method that generally carries a higher level of tactical risk, while a lower risk playing method is a playing method that generally carries a lower level of tactical risk.

The Tactical Objectives guide details how different levels of attacking risk are related to different attacking objectives and different levels of defensive risk are related to different defensive objectives. The level of attacking risk carried by an attacking method is similarly related to the attacking objectives that it involves a greater focus on, while the level of defensive risk carried by a defensive method is similarly related to the defensive objectives that it involves a greater focus on.

Attacking Risk Levels

A higher risk attacking method is an attacking method that generally carries a higher level of attacking risk, while a lower risk attacking method is an attacking method that generally carries a lower level of attacking risk.

Higher risk attacking methods involve a greater focus on penetrating space and a lesser focus on keeping possession, retaining solidity and retaining compactness. Lower risk attacking methods involve a greater focus on keeping possession, retaining solidity and retaining compactness, and a lesser focus on penetrating space.

This is because penetrating space is necessary for the attacking team to create a goal-scoring chance and, therefore, to score a goal. However, attempting to penetrate space makes it more difficult for it to keep possession, retain solidity and retain compactness and, therefore, to prevent the opposition team scoring a goal, due to the player movement and ball movement that it involves, as explained in the Tactical Dynamics guide.

All attacking methods can involve a large focus on creating space as space can be created both directly and indirectly. Creating space directly involves drawing players out of position by taking on higher attacking risk levels while creating space indirectly involves drawing players out of position by taking on lower attacking risk levels.

Defensive Risk Levels

A higher risk defensive method is a defensive method that generally carries a higher level of defensive risk, while a lower risk defensive method is a defensive method that generally carries a lower level of defensive risk.

Higher risk defensive methods involve a greater focus on restricting space and a lesser focus on protecting space and retaining compactness. Lower risk defensive methods involve a greater focus on protecting space and retaining compactness, and a lesser focus on restricting space.

This is because restricting space helps the defending team to win possession and, therefore, to score a goal. However, restricting space also makes it more difficult for it to protect space and retain compactness and, therefore, to prevent the opposition team scoring a goal, due to the player movement that it involves, as explained in the Tactical Dynamics guide.

Application of Attacking Dynamics

Attacking methods enable a team to apply the attacking dynamics.

Each attacking dynamic can be applied in different ways by different attacking methods. Each attacking method can be used to varying extents, both in terms of its overall use by a team as a whole and its relative use by individual players.

For each attacking dynamic, the main attacking methods that apply the attacking dynamic are listed below. The attacking methods are categorised where appropriate into groups of related attacking methods that apply an attacking dynamic in similar and opposing ways, and into higher risk attacking methods and lower risk attacking methods.

In addition to the attacking methods related to each attacking dynamic, some combination moves are listed.

Attacking Shape

Attacking shape attacking methods affect the playing positions, and refinements made to the playing positions, of attacking team players so as to determine their attacking positions.

Groups of related attacking shape attacking methods include:

Off the Ball Movement

Groups of related off the ball movement attacking methods include:

On the Ball Movement

Groups of related on the ball movement attacking methods include:

Passing

Groups of related passing attacking methods include:

Other passing attacking methods include:

Shooting

Groups of related shooting attacking methods include:

Tempo

Groups of related tempo attacking methods include:

Attacking Mentality

Groups of related attacking mentality attacking methods include:

Creativity

Groups of related creativity attacking methods include:

Combination Moves

Combination moves are particular combinations of the above attacking methods that each involve two players co-operating in order to penetrate space or create space. Such combinations can make the individual component attacking methods more effective.

Combination moves include:

Application of Defensive Dynamics

Defensive methods enable a team to apply the defensive dynamics.

Each defensive dynamic can be applied in different ways by different defensive methods. Each defensive method can be used to varying extents, both in terms of its overall use by a team as a whole and, with the exception of defensive methods that apply offside line movement, its relative use by individual players.

For each defensive dynamic, the main defensive methods that apply the defensive dynamic are listed below. The defensive methods are categorised where appropriate into groups of related defensive methods that apply a defensive dynamic in similar and opposing ways, and into higher risk defensive methods and lower risk defensive methods.

Defensive Shape

Defensive shape defensive methods affect the playing positions, and refinements made to the playing positions, of defending team players so as to determine their defensive positions.

Groups of related defensive shape defensive methods include:

Pressing

Groups of related pressing defensive methods include:

Offside Line Movement

Groups of related offside line movement defensive methods include:

Marking

Groups of related marking defensive methods include:

All marking defensive methods involve a large focus on restricting space around players off the ball. However, higher risk marking defensive methods involve a relatively greater focus on restricting space around players off the ball and and a relatively lesser focus on protecting space and retaining compactness, while lower risk marking defensive methods involve a relatively greater focus on protecting space and retaining compactness, and a relatively lesser focus on restricting space around players off the ball.

Restraint

Groups of related restraint defensive methods include:

Defensive Mentality

Groups of related defensive mentality defensive methods include: