Responsibility Distribution

A team's responsibility distribution refers to its assignment of positional responsibilities through its assignment of tactical roles.

In order to achieve an appropriate responsibility distribution a team should consider the importance level of each positional responsibility, its system fluidity and the role specialisation of the tactical roles that it assigns.

In addition, a team may consider the symmetry of its responsibility distribution and the use of auxiliary players.

The importance levels of the main positional responsibilities were detailed in the Positional Responsibilities guide, while system fluidity was discussed in the System Fluidity guide.

Role Specialisation

A tactical role's role specialisation refers to the extent to which the tactical role enables a player to perform each positional responsibility.

For each positional responsibility, a tactical role can be categorised as being any one of the following according to its role specialisation:

By assessing the role specialisation of a tactical role, its focus level can be determined.

The focus level of a tactical role refers to the extent to which the tactical role enables a player to concentrate on performing particular positional responsibilities. A tactical role can be categorised as any of the following according to its focus level:

To achieve an appropriate responsibility distribution a team typically assigns tactical roles such that:

Symmetry

In some cases a team may want to achieve an element of symmetry in its responsibility distribution within a central positional area in order to ensure that a good playing system balance is achieved.

In particular, where two wide and off-centre players are used on each side of one or more central players, a team typically distributes the following positional responsibilities symmetrically; that is, either to a central player or to both of the wide and off-centre players:

Auxiliary Players

A team may use auxiliary players to perform particular positional responsibilities in auxiliary playing positions. The use of such players is analysed below per positional area, while the effects on responsibility distribution in vacated positional areas are also discussed.

Per Positional Area

Detailed below are the most common auxiliary playing position role types that a team can assign to a player in order to enable him to perform positional responsibilities in an auxiliary playing position, along with the positional responsibilities that can be performed as such in each case.

Where an auxiliary player acts as a wide and off-centre player in his auxiliary playing position, the symmetry of responsibility distribution can be considered as discussed above.

In Central Defence

Vertical Movement
Horizontal Movement

In Central Midfield

Vertical Movement
Horizontal Movement

On The Flanks

Vertical Movement
Horizontal Movement

In Central Attack

Vertical Movement
Horizontal Movement

Vacated Positional Areas

Where a player vacates a positional area to a large extent as a result of an attacking phase or on the ball auxiliary playing position role type, certain positional responsibilities should be appropriately distributed between those players who remain in the positional area.

Detailed below are the most common examples of players who vacate a positional area to such an extent, along with the positional responsibilities that should ideally be performed by alternative players in the positional area (according to their importance level as discussed above; low importance responsibilities are included for completeness).