Secondary Playing Systems

A team's secondary playing system is a part of its playing system that is related to a particular group of playing methods.

It is comprised of the tactical instructions that are assigned to each player regarding tactical positions (in other words, playing positions and attacking shape and defensive shape playing methods) and the particular group of playing methods concerned.

A team therefore implements a secondary playing system by incorporating it into the tactical roles of its players using such tactical instructions as appropriate.

Notable secondary playing systems include mentality systems, off the ball directness systems and passing range systems.

Mentality Systems

A team's mentality system is the part of its playing system that is related to attacking mentality attacking methods and defensive mentality defensive methods.

Typically, a team incorporates a mentality system into the tactical roles of its players by combining the following tactical instructions for individual outfield players:

Off the Ball Directness Systems

A team's off the ball directness system is the part of its attacking system that is related to off the ball directness attacking methods.

Typically, a team incorporates an off the ball directness system into the tactical roles of its players by combining the following tactical instructions for individual outfield players:

Passing Range Systems

A team's passing range system is the part of its attacking system that is related to passing range attacking methods.

General types of passing range system include more direct, more progressive and balanced.

A team typically instructs any playmaking players to make long passes (and short passes) to an average extent regardless of its passing range system so that they can dictate play more effectively.

More Direct Passing Range Systems

A more direct passing range system is a passing range system that involves players moving the ball over longer distances in deeper areas and over shorter distances in more advanced areas. A more direct passing range system therefore enables a team to attempt to penetrate space earlier from deeper areas, and keep possession and create space by cycling possession in more advanced areas.

A team can incorporate a more direct passing range system into the attacking roles of its players by combining the following tactical instructions for individual outfield players:

More Progressive Passing Range Systems

A more progressive passing range system is a passing range system that involves players moving the ball over shorter distances in deeper areas and over longer distances in more advanced areas. A more progressive passing range system therefore enables a team to attempt to continue build-up play and recycle possession in deeper areas before attempting to penetrate space from more advanced areas.

A team can incorporate a more progressive passing range system into the attacking roles of its players by combining the following tactical instructions for individual outfield players:

Balanced Passing Range Systems

A balanced passing range system is a passing range system that involves players moving the ball forward at a similar speed from deeper and more advanced areas.

A team can incorporate a balanced passing range system into the attacking roles of its players by using a balance between the attacking instructions used in a more direct passing range system and those used in a more progressive passing range system as detailed above.