Tactical Organisation

A team's tactical organisation refers to how well positioned the team's players are to carry out their tactical instructions regarding tactical shape and player movement. The better a team's tactical organisation is at any point during a match or, in other words, the more tactically organised the team is at that point, the more effectively it can use its playing system.

A team should tactically reorganise as necessary throughout the attacking phases and the defensive phases so that it can continue to use its attacking system and defensive system effectively.

The use of higher risk playing methods that apply player movement to a greater extent requires more frequent tactical reorganisation, while the use of lower risk playing methods that apply player movement to a greater extent requires less frequent tactical reorganisation.

Tactical Transition

A team's tactical transition is the tactical reorganisation that it undergoes immediately after it wins possession or concedes possession.

A team's attacking transition is its tactical transition after winning possession, in which it tactically reorganises from its defensive system to its attacking system. A team's defensive transition is its tactical transition after conceding possession, in which it tactically reorganises from its attacking system to its defensive system.

Tactical transition is discussed further in the Phases of Play guide.

Speed of Tactical Transition

The quicker a team's tactical transition is, the earlier it can use its playing system effectively after a change in possession. If a team's tactical transition is relatively quick, compared to that of the opposition team, then it can potentially take advantage of the time during which the opposition team is still tactically reorganising. However, if its tactical transition is relatively slow then the opposition team can potentially take advantage.

To enable quicker tactical transition, the attacking instructions regarding attacking shape and attacking mentality that a team assigns to its players are typically similar to the defensive instructions regarding defensive shape and defensive mentality that it assigns, while there are also usually similarities between attacking instructions and defensive instructions regarding player movement.

Attacking Organisation

A team's attacking organisation is its tactical organisation in the attacking phases.

Good attacking organisation enables a team to more effectively use its attacking system. In particular, it results in there being more penetrative opportunities for a team.

A team can tactically reorganise more easily by consolidating possession, as temporarily focusing more on keeping possession gives attacking team players more time to tactically reorganise.

Consolidating possession is explained in the Playing Style Balance guide.

Defensive Organisation

A team's defensive organisation is its tactical organisation in the defensive phases.

Good defensive organisation enables a team to more effectively use its defending system. In particular, it results in there being fewer penetrative opportunities for the opposition team.

A team can tactically reorganise in the defensive phases more easily by delaying the attack.

Delaying the Attack

Delaying the attack involves the defending team players closest to the ball restricting space around the attacking team players in the area around the ball, with one player both closing down and holding off the player on the ball.

Delaying the attack makes it more difficult for the player on the ball to move the ball effectively and, therefore, makes it more difficult for the attacking team to penetrate space and exploit any higher quality penetrative opportunities. As a result, other defending team players have more time to tactically reorganise themselves and reduce the amount and quality of penetrative opportunities as necessary.

Defensive Discipline

Defensive discipline refers to defending team players following their tactical instructions to a large extent when making decisions regarding the use of defensive methods.

Defensive discipline is needed for a team to remain tactically organised in the defensive phases so that it can achieve its defensive objectives effectively.