System Fluidity

A team’s system fluidity refers to the extent to which the team’s playing system enables players to share positional responsibilities.

A team implements its system fluidity by incorporating it into the tactical roles of its players using tactical instructions as appropriate.

Levels of system fluidity include more structured, more fluid and flexible.

When implementing a system fluidity level a team should consider the player suitability of its players.

A team’s system fluidity typically affects how it achieves playing system balance, as explained in the Responsibility Distribution guide, and how it implements its playing style, as explained in the Playing Styles guide.

More Structured Playing Systems

A more structured playing system is a playing system that enables players to share positional responsibilities to a lesser extent.

A team can incorporate a more structured playing system into the tactical roles of its players by using the following tactical instructions:

  • Playing methods – using a high risk mentality to a greater extent for players assigned more advanced playing positions and using a low risk mentality to a greater extent for players assigned deeper playing positions, with larger differences between high risk mentalities and low risk mentalities.
  • Explanation – this enables players who are assigned a more advanced playing position or instructed to use a high risk mentality to a greater extent to focus more on performing high tactical risk positional responsibilities, which are generally more important in more advanced positional areas, and enables players who are assigned a deeper playing position or instructued to use a low risk mentality to a greater extent to focus more on performing low tactical risk positional responsibilities, which are generally more important in deeper positional areas. In addition, it results in the team retaining vertical compactness to a lesser extent and so increases the space between players in different positional areas, enabling players to focus more on performing more specific positional responsibilities, while players who create chances have more available space in which to do so.
  • Tactical dynamicscreativity.
  • Playing methods – using tactical discipline to a greater extent for all players.
  • Explanation – this enables players to focus more on performing more specific positional responsibilities in the attacking phases by using attacking methods according to their attacking instructions.
  • Tactical dynamics – pressing directness.
  • Playing methodssitting off to a greater extent for all players.
  • Explanation – this enables players to remain closer to their defensive positions in the defensive phases where they can perform more specific positional responsibilities.

Player Suitability

Outfield players:

  • Specialised attacking and defensive abilities

More Fluid Playing Systems

A more fluid playing system is a playing system that enables players to share positional responsibilities to a greater extent.

A team can incorporate a more fluid playing system into the tactical roles of its players by using the following tactical instructions:

  • Tactical dynamicsattacking mentality and defensive mentality.
  • Playing methods – using a low risk mentality to a greater extent for players assigned more advanced playing positions and using a high risk mentality to a greater extent for players assigned deeper playing positions, with smaller differences between high risk mentalities and low risk mentalities.
  • Explanation – this enables players who are assigned a more advanced playing position or instructed to use a high risk mentality to a greater extent to contribute more to performing low tactical risk positional responsibilities, which are generally less important in more advanced positional areas, and enables players who are assigned a deeper playing positionor instructued to use a low risk mentality to a greater extent to contribute more to performing high tactical risk positional responsibilities, which are generally less important in deeper positional areas. In addition, it results in the team retaining vertical compactness to a greater extent and so reduces the space between players in different positional areas, enabling players to perform more varied positional responsibilities.
  • Tactical dynamicscreativity.
  • Playing methods – using creative freedom to a greater extent for all players.
  • Explanation – this enables players to perform more varied positional responsibilities in the attacking phases by using attacking methods according to their own decision making.
  • Tactical dynamicspressing directness.
  • Playing methodsclosing down to a greater extent for all players.
  • Explanation – this enables players to move further from their defensive positions in the defensive phases where they can perform more varied positional responsibilities.

Player Suitability

Outfield players:

  • Flexible attacking and defensive abilities

Flexible Playing Systems

A flexible playing system is a playing system that enables players to share positional responsibilities to a moderate extent.

A team can incorporate a flexible playing system into the tactical roles of its players by using a balance between the tactical instructions used in a more structured playing system and those used in a more fluid playing system as detailed above.